Province proposes lifting limit on coyotes in northern Ontario

by Bill Hodgins | February 1, 2016

Northern Ontario residents waiting to learn if limit on coyote hunting will be lifted

With the deadline for public input now past, residents in northern Ontario are waiting to learn whether a limit on coyote hunting will be lifted next year.

The proposal to lift the limit beginning in 2017, was one of several made by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry (MNRF) as part of its greater Moose Project plan. The public comment period ended Jan. 19.

On its Environmental Bill of Rights (EBR) website, the MNRF laid out its efforts to boost moose populations by easing regulations on wolf and coyote hunts.

According to the MNRF, the proposed changes are intended to:

  • address concerns in recent years about the impacts of wolf predation on moose in northern Ontario,
  • address concerns about the requirement to purchase a seal in northern Ontario,
  • maintain controls necessary to ensure the sustainability of wolf and coyote populations in northern Ontario,
  • not impact current protections for the Eastern wolf population in their core range in central Ontario.

Proposed Wolf/Coyote Regulations (2017)

Northern Area
• Season open September 15 – March 31
• No seal required, small game licence required to hunt wolves and coyotes
• Annual harvest limit of two wolves, coyote harvest not limited
• Mandatory reporting of harvested wolves and coyotes

Central Area
• Season open September 15 – March 31
• Seal required to hunt wolves and coyotes
• Limit of two seals for coyotes and wolves
• Mandatory reporting of harvested wolves and coyotes

Algonquin Provincial Park and surrounding townships (no changes)
• No season

Southern Area (no changes)
• Season open year-round
• No seal required, small game licence required to hunt wolves and coyotes
• No harvest limit
• No reporting required

Changes to Ontario Regulation 665/98 (Hunting) would be required to define areas where a wolf/coyote game seal is no longer required, establish annual harvest limits for wolves and define mandatory reporting requirements for wolf/coyote harvest.

The areas that maintain the current game seal requirements and limits for wolves and/or coyotes are Wildlife Management Units: 42, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57 and 58.

THE MNRF has proposed that in 2017, regulation changes would remove the game seal requirement for wolves and coyotes in northern Ontario, allowing hunting with a small game licence. In place of the two-seal limit in northern Ontario, they would establish an annual harvest limit of two wolves per season. Coyote harvest would no longer be limited in northern Ontario.

Separating harvest limits for northern wolves and coyotes reflect current science showing that hunters can generally distinguish between northern wolves and coyotes in the wild, the MNRF states. It will also allow additional hunting opportunities for coyotes, which continue their expansion in northern Ontario and have been an increasing concern for livestock farmers.

As a consequence of this proposed change, a modified approach to hunter reporting is also required. Currently all wolf/coyote seal holders are required to report on their hunting activity and harvest. Since some wolf/coyote hunters would no longer require a seal, it is proposed that reporting requirements change to include mandatory reporting of the harvest component only (rather than hunting activity), throughout all parts of northern and central Ontario where mandatory reporting is currently required.

Mark Ryckman, Senior Wildlife Biologist with the Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters (OFAH), says OFAH members have been seeking improvements to wolf and coyote management in northern Ontario for quite some time. As such, he applauds flexibility on the issues, but he wonders if it should go further.

“We fully support the removal of the game seal requirement for both wolves and coyotes and no harvest limit for coyotes. However, we’re concerned that a harvest limit of two wolves per hunter could be insufficient to benefit moose populations in some areas.”

The MNRF stated that all comments received during the comment period would be considered as part of the decision-making process by the ministry. No date for a definitive decision was announced.


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